An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants and grows outside the main cavity of the uterus. In a normal Pregnancy, the fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus.
When it occurs most often in a fallopian tube, which conveys eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. This type of ectopic pregnancy is called a tubal pregnancy.
Sometimes, an ectopic pregnancy occurs in other areas of the body, such as the abdominal cavity, ovary or the lower part of the uterus (cervix), which connects to the vagina.
It can’t develop normally. The fertilized egg wouldn’t survive, and the growing tissue may cause life-threatening haemorrhage if left untreated.
Early signs of ectopic pregnancy are usually subtle. However, some women with an ectopic pregnancy have the usual early signs of pregnancy — a missed period, nausea and breast tenderness.
NB: Signs and symptoms continue to increase as the foetus grow in the unusual place.
• Pelvic pain/discomfort
• Acute bleeding
• Abdominal pain
• Haemorrhage in the vagina
• Increased abdominal pain during pregnancy.
Some things that make you more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy are:
Previous ectopic pregnancy. Patients who’ve been diagnosed of ectopic pregnancy have higher chances of developing another.
Infection or Inflammation. Sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia, gonorrhea etc. can cause inflammation in the fallopian tubes and other nearby organs, this can also increase risk of an ectopic pregnancy.
Fertility drugs/treatments. Recent research suggests that women who have had in vitro fertilization (IVF) or similar treatments are more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy. Infertility may also increase the risk.
Tubal surgery. Surgery to repair a closed or damaged fallopian tube can increase the risk of an ectopic pregnancy.
Birth Control Devices The chance of getting pregnant while using an intrauterine device (IUD) is rare. However, pregnancy with an IUD in place, it’s more likely to be ectopic. Tubal ligation, a permanent method of birth control commonly known as “having your tubes tied,” also raises your risk, if the individual becomes pregnant after this procedure.
Smoking. Just before pregnancy can increase the risk of an ectopic pregnancy. The more you smoke, the greater the risk.
The Fallopian tube can get burst due to ectopic pregnancy, life-threatening haemorrhage.
• Be faithful to your partner by limiting your number of sexual partners
• Always use safe protection like condoms to help prevent STDs and reduced your risk of pelvic inflammatory disease.
• Avoid smoking
• Medications call