Researchers have exposed that there is “remarkable” worldwide decline in the conception rate in women.
This fertility rate fall indicates that almost half countries were facing “baby bust”. According to the report, this means insufficient children to maintain the world population size.
This is a “huge surprise” said researchers, and there would be consequences for our for the society as there will be “more grandparents than grandchildren”
According to the publication on the lancet, the study viewed the trends in every country from 1950 to 2017.
The study revealed, that in 1950 women were having an average of 4.7 children but when compared to last year (2017) its rate was halved to 2.4 children per woman.
There is a huge variation between on nations.
The fertility rate in Niger, West Africa is 7.1 unlike the Mediterranean island of Cyprus where women have one child, average.
This is the same for other west European countries.
When a country’s fertility rate drops to 2.1, there’s a possibility of population.
The Director of the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, Prof. Christopher Murray told press, “We’ve reached this watershed where half of countries have fertility rates below the replacement level, so if nothing happens the populations will decline in those countries.
“It’s a remarkable transition.
“It’s a surprise even to people like myself, the idea that it’s half the countries in the world will be a huge surprise to people.”
More Developed countries which have low fertility rates are mostly Europe, the US, South Korea and Australia have lower fertility rates.
Prof Murray said: “We will soon be transitioning to a point where societies are grappling with a declining population.”
The fertility rates are falling due to less deaths in childhood, More access to contraception, and more women in education and work.
Director of the Oxford Institute of Population Ageing, Dr George Leeson, says that it does not have to be bad, so long as the population can be ready to adjust to demographic change.
In his word to press men “Demography impacts on every single aspect of our lives, just look out of your window at the people on the streets, the houses, the traffic, the consumption, it is all driven by demography.
“Everything we plan for is not just driven by the numbers in the population, but also the age structure and that is changing, so fundamentally we haven’t got our heads around it.”
He believes that workplaces will need to change.
According to the report, a section of Global Burden of Diseases analysis says affected countries need to review immigration, which has its own problems, or introduce policies that will make women have more children.
Prof Murray argues “On current trends there will be very few children and lots of people over the age of 65 and that’s very difficult to sustain global society.
“Think of all the profound social and economic consequences of a society structured like that with more grandparents than grandchildren.
“I think Japan is very aware of this, they’re facing declining populations, but I don’t think it’s hit many countries in the West, because low fertility has been compensated with migration.
“At a global level there is no migration solution.