The number of people who are victims cholera in northeast Nigeria have shoot to 10,000. The disease is spreading rapidly in overfilled displacement camps with inadequate access to good sanitation facilities.
One of the major causes of the outbreak is the overcrowding in the camps that that frustrates the provision of adequate water, sanitation and hygiene services. The rainy season has made the condition worse.
NRC urging the local governments in Nigeria’s northeastern states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe to tackle the annual cholera outbreaks.
It continued that failure to provide more land urgently decongestion and construction of health and sanitation facilities, Nigeria is taking the part of yet another cholera outbreak in 2019.
Over the last ten years, northeast Nigeria and other areas of the Lake Chad Basin have been constant victims to cholera outbreaks yearly, as a result of poor hygiene facilities in displacement camps and host communities. Not less than 1.8 million people are displaced in Nigeria, because of ongoing conflicts.
According to figures from the International Organization for Migration, Maiduguri ranks the highest in concentration of displaced people, with 243,000 displaced people overcrowded in camps, camp-like settlements and already jam-packed host communities.
In Kagoni Sangaya displacement camp, the eight latrines that were built for not less than 150 displaced people are now being used by 500 people. Camp inhabitants said leads to them excreting outside which results to cholera and other water borne diseases in the area.
According to the government, more than 10,000 people have been plagued by the current cholera outbreak in Nigeria, 175 out of this number were reported dead in the states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe by November 2018.
The amount of deaths caused by the disease is higher than the case where timely and efficient treatment is available. This shows inexistent or inadequate access to clean water, sanitation, hygiene and health services.
We urging the authorities to deliver more space in camps and host communities for the building of new water and sanitation facilities, and for the international community to offer the needed funding. Only by this can we avoid new cholera outbreaks.
NRC replied the cholera outbreak by transporting at least 180,000 liters of clean water daily from Maiduguri to communities around Tungushe and Konduga towns, building more latrines where there are space and by creating awareness on hygiene and cholera stoppage with affected communities.