U.S. trade representative Tai vows to enforce phase 1 trade deal with China

Washington must enforce the U.S.-China phase one trade agreement and will raise broader policy concerns with Beijing, U.S. Trade Representative Katherine Tai will say on Monday, according to her press office.

“Today, I will lay out the starting point of our Administration’s strategic vision for realigning our trade policies towards China to defend the interests of America’s workers, businesses, farmers and producers, and strengthen our middle class,” according to remarks prepared for delivery at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

“China made commitments intended to benefit certain American industries, including agriculture that we must enforce,” Tai is expected to say.

CNBC reported last week that the top trade advisor would announce that Beijing has not complied with the phase one deal that was reached under former President Donald Trump’s administration.

Tai is set to say the U.S. has “serious concerns” about China’s “state-centered and non-market trade practices” that were not addressed in the phase one deal.

“As we work to enforce the terms of Phase One, we will raise these broader policy concerns with Beijing,” according to the prepared remarks.

Phase one agreement
In the trade deal, signed in January 2020, Beijing pledged to buy at least $200 billion more U.S. goods and services over 2020 and 2021, compared to 2017. The agreement paused a trade fight between the U.S. and China which dragged on for about two years.

A senior administration official told reporters that U.S. President Joe Biden believes the phase one deal “did not meaningfully address our fundamental concerns with China’s trade practices.”

“Unlike his predecessor, President Biden is going to hold China to account where China is falling short of its commitments,” the official said during a background call.

The U.S. Trade Representative will say: “We will use the full range of tools we have and develop new tools as needed to defend American economic interests from harmful policies and practices.”

She is also expected to announce a targeted tariff exclusion process for firms to avoid punitive levies, and have “frank conversations” with Chinese counterparts in the coming days.

U.S. officials said during the background call that the phase one agreement will be revisited, and that Washington will not seek negotiations on a phase two deal.

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